Solar power is an alternative source of energy that uses sunlight to generate electricity. The sun provides free energy for us all day long, however we only use a small portion of this energy. Solar panels have the ability to capture the suns energy and generate Electricity to a property ensuring people pay a minimal amount for Electricity if anything at all.
How Do Solar Panels Work?
Solar energy is created by the constant nuclear fusion reactions occurring deep within the sun. The photons that reach your solar cells and generate an electric current comes from the sun. These photons set the electrons on the solar panels in motion, generating electricity. Your solar panels are designed to capture the electric current and turn it into usable electricity. This process is called the photovoltaic effect.
Solar cells are made up of silicon wafers coated with thin layers of photovoltaic cells, in between these layers an electric field at the junction is created. These materials absorb light and turn it into electrical current when electrons are moving.
Metal plates on the sides of each solar cell collect the electrons generated by the electrical field, and through connecting wires, transfers this flow of electrons as electricity to a solar inverter and reaches your home.
Types of Solar Panels
There are two main types of solar panels: photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP). PV panels use the sun’s rays directly to generate electricity. CSP uses mirrors to focus the sun’s rays onto a small area where heat is converted into electricity. Both types of solar panels are becoming increasingly popular as the cost of production continues to drop.
To understand how many solar panel you need and the best option for your home contact us.